The dominance of Android and iOS in the mobile phone is now being challenged by newer entrants into the market like Windows Phone, Firefox OS, and the recently launched Sailfish OS. Despite the advanced features offered by these new mobile operations systems, they are not able to compete effectively with established players. The limited availability of apps and a host of other factors led to the failure of many mobile OS in the past too. Below are the 3 mobile operating systems which didn’t made it:

MeeGo

MeeGo was a Linix-based mobile operating system developed together by Nokia and Intel. MeeGo was the result of the merger between Nokia’s Maemo and Intel’s Moblin mobile OS projects. The OS had some advanced features when compared Android and iOS like better integration with social networks and built-in compatibility with NFC. Despite its advanced features, MeeGo was too late to counter the competition from Android and iOS. Competing OS were already well entrenched in the market by the time MeeGo was ready for release. In 2011, Nokia released its first and only smartphone  powered by MeeGo, the Nokia N9 (in picture above). MeeGo, along with Symbian, was later discontinued in favor of Microsoft’s Windows Phone. MeeGo is now being developed by a startup founded by ex-Nokia employees called Jolla. The first smarpthone running on Sailfish OS was released by Jolla recently .

Web OS

WebOS is the successor to Palm Inc.’s Palm OS. WebOS was released in January 2009 with the launch of Palm Pre. Development of WebOS  passed on to HP when Palm Inc. was acquired by the former in the year 2010. HP later released some devices which run on the WebOS and planned to make it its primary OS for portable devices. Interface of WebOS was based on ‘cards’ which looked similar to the live tiles interface now seen on Windows Phone. HP later discontinued the development of WebOS due to the poor response in the market and sold it to LG in February, 2013. LG is now using WebOS to enhance its consumer electronics products like smart TVs.

Bada OS

Bada, meaning ‘ocean’ in Korean, was another Linux-based mobile OS developed by Samsung for its Wave range of smartphones and tablet computers. The OS was announced at the  Mobile World Congress 2010 in Barcelona. The first smartphone run on Bada, the Samsung Wave S8500, was released in April 2010. To make the OS more attractive, Samsung released a new international application store for the Bada platform called Samsung Apps. However, the domineering presence of Android and the limited availability of Apps made Samsung to discontinue Bada OS in February 2013. Samsung has itself became the top manufacturer of Android based mobile devices. Samsung started to focus on a new mobile OS called Tizen.